Composition of cold foam mattresses
There are many different types of cold foam mattresses available.
Some are made entirely of cold foam and do not include any other foam layers.
Others, in contrast, have one or two additional foam layers. Often, you'll find cold foam mattresses that have memory foam, latex foam, or gel foam layers.
You'll also find some models that offer two different degrees of firmness depending on which side of the mattress you choose.
These types of mattresses use different foam layers for the top and bottom sides.
The mattress can then be turned to the side that provides the ideal firmness for your needs.
Cold foam mattresses with contour zones
Some cold foam mattresses have been divided into comfort or contour zones.
Zones help stabilise the body and relieve pressure on the spine.
The individual zones correlate to the different pressure points of the human body.
The position you sleep in will affect the specifics but, in general, you would need to sink into the mattress a little deeper at some points and a little less at others in order to keep your spine optimally aligned at all times.
Zones will usually fall into the pelvic, shoulder, lumbar, head, and foot zones.
Most zoned mattresses are divided into 3, 5, 7, or 9 comfort zones.
It will always be an odd number - this is due to the mirror image structure of the mattress.
The middle area is always for the pelvis, then it expands outwards into the lumbar zone, shoulder zone, and, finally, the head and foot zone.
The mirror image ensures that no matter which way you lie on the mattress, you will always be using it correctly and your body will be optimally supported.
Criteria to consider when purchasing a cold foam mattress
Not all cold foam mattresses are created equal and there definitely are some sub-standard models on the market.
In order to ensure that the cold foam mattress you're purchasing is of the highest quality possible, pay attention to the following key criteria.
1. High density
The most important feature of quality on a cold foam mattress is a high density.
This indicates how much polyurethane has been foamed to make one cubic metre of cold foam.
The rule of thumb is that the higher the density, the higher the quality of the cold foam mattress.
Higher densities also result in higher durability, meaning that your mattress will have a longer lifespan.
You can use the below table as a guideline:
|Density in kg/m³||Expected lifespan|
|Up to 25||Up to 2 years|
|30||Up to 3 years|
|35||5 - 6 years|
|40||6 - 8 years|
|50 - 60||10 years and more|
2. Trial periods and delivery conditions
To keep the purchase of a mattress as uncomplicated and risk-free as possible, make sure that the manufacturer offers the following:
- Free delivery
- Risk-free trial period
- Free returns
Trial periods usually last 30 to 100 days, though there are some manufacturers, like Emma, Nectar, and DreamCloud, that offer longer trial periods.
This gives you the time to ensure that the mattress you've purchased really is right for you.
After all, it takes the body a few weeks to get used to a new mattress, so you have to give it enough time.
If, after the trial period, you are not completely satisfied with the mattress, it can simply be returned - free of charge - for a full refund.
3. Mattress rebound rates
The mattress rebound indicates how quickly the mattress can return to its original shape after being subjected to stress or compressed.
The higher the rebound rate, the more quickly the mattress returns to its original shape.
This also indicates whether dents can occur and if the mattress is suitable for heavier-weight people or restless sleepers.
Always make sure that you're comfortable moving around on your mattress and that it gives you adequate support and stability.
Choosing the right slatted frame for your cold foam mattress
To maximise the features of your cold foam mattress, it makes sense to invest in the right slatted frame.
Pay attention to zoning
In order to support the division of comfort zones in a cold foam mattress, you should choose a slatted frame that has the same divisions.
For example, if you've purchased a 7-zone cold foam mattress, we would advise also investing in a 7-zone slatted frame.
This will allow your pelvis and shoulders to sink in more deeply, stabilising the rest of your body.
Height-adjustable slatted frames
Cold foam mattresses are very adaptable, so we'd recommend choosing a height-adjustable slatted frame.
Adjustable head and foot sections not only increase flexibility and comfort but can also improve blood circulation and make breathing easier, particularly for elderly people.
Of course, you can also use a rigid slatted frame.
Small slat distance
Ensure that the slats aren't too far apart.
A maximum distance of 5 cm between slats is optimal.
Alternatives to cold foam mattresses
Layers of cold foam are common in many mattresses but you may feel that a pure cold foam mattress isn't right for you.
Try one of these alternatives instead.
Memory foam mattresses
Memory foam mattresses have similar properties to cold foam mattresses.
They are best characterised by their memory imprint.
When pressure is applied, the foam becomes softer and allows the body to form an imprint. This ensures that the foam adapts perfectly to the contours of the body, allowing for maximum comfort.
Due to its extremely high adaptability and pressure relief properties, memory foam is often used for orthopaedic purposes.
The biggest difference between cold foam mattresses and memory foam mattresses is in the feeling of lying down.
Memory foam is much more adaptable and really nestles up to the body.
This does make moving around on the mattress a little more cumbersome, making memory foam mattresses less suitable for very restless sleepers.
If you are looking for a firmer model that offers more stability and elasticity, then you should consider innerspring mattresses.
The core of a spring mattress is made of coils or springs, which can carry individual loads.
This means it adapts well to the body and is very point-elastic.
The gaps between the springs also provide for natural ventilation channels, enhancing the breathability of the mattress. This provides for a cooler sleeping climate.
If you choose a spring mattress, make sure you look for quality.
Inferior spring mattresses wear out quickly and form dents, resulting in the so-called hammock effect. This can create and worsen back pain.
High-quality innerspring mattress models are pocket spring mattresses and barrel pocket spring mattresses.
Also consider hybrid mattresses, which combine springs with high-quality foam.
Latex mattresses have a high point elasticity, are very comfortable, and have good ventilation.
They are more suitable for people who prefer a cooler sleeping climate and restless sleepers.
Natural latex mattresses are also great for people who value organic and environmentally-friendly products.
But, latex mattresses are quite heavy, need to be cleaned regularly, and they can also be quite a bit more expensive.
Gel foam mattresses
Gel foam mattresses also have high point elasticity, are very comfortable, and have very good ventilation.
They provide a very cuddly feel and are particularly suited to restless sleepers.
Gel foam is most commonly found as an upper comfort layer in a combination foam mattress, used together with more adaptable and/or stable and firmer base foams.