All types of mattresses can be comfortable and there is no one material that's better than another.
Your choice of mattress material will ultimately depend on your personal preferences.
Below are the different types of mattress materials that you could choose for your 90 x 190 cm mattress.
Memory foam mattresses are characterised by the fact that they adapt well to the contours of the body and relieve pressure adequately.
This also makes them very suitable as orthopaedic mattresses.
Even though memory foam is enormously comfortable, it does retain more body heat than other types of foam. This increases the overall sleeping climate, which is great for people who easily feel cold at night but not suitable for warm sleepers or heavy sweaters.
Since memory foam is very sensitive to movement, restless sleepers will have a difficult time moving to and fro. They'd be better off with a different type of mattress.
Some mattresses, known as hybrid mattresses, combine memory foam with other materials to increase comfort and movement ability and decrease the overall sleeping climate.
Latex foam mattresses offer high point elasticity and are very comfortable to sleep on.
Latex also has natural anti-allergenic properties, making it suitable for people prone to allergies. Of course, people with a latex allergy should avoid latex mattresses.
The sleeping climate on a latex mattress is cooler than that on a memory foam or cold foam mattress.
Moving on the mattress and changing sleeping positions is also a little easier on a latex mattress than it is on a memory foam mattress. This makes it more suitable for restless sleepers.
These mattresses are recommended for people who like the sensation of sleeping on a mattress rather than in a mattress.
Natural latex mattresses are also a great choice for people who are looking to invest in a high-quality, durable mattress that's also good for the environment.
On the downside, latex mattresses are more expensive than other mattresses and they need to be cleaned and rotated regularly.
Cold foam mattresses are among the most common and cheapest options in the mattress world.
This type of mattress is characterised by its high point elasticity and slight springy feeling.
This foam is often recommended for orthopaedic purposes, though memory foam mattresses are still better suited for that.
Cold foam is rarely used on its own in high-quality mattresses but is often used as a supporting base layer, ensuring the basic stability of a mattress.
If the foam has a high density - 40 kg/m³ and up - then it will also be very durable and is likely to last a long time.
Inferior cold foam mattresses will deteriorate more quickly.
Gel foam mattresses are becoming more and more common.
Gel foam is much softer and is usually only used as the upper comfort layer of a mattress.
This is combined with firmer and more stable base foams.
Gel foam is similar to memory foam in that it is very adaptable and has a high point elasticity.
It does offer a cooler sleeping climate - though this depends largely on the other materials in the mattress.
Comfort foam - polyurethane
Comfort foam mattresses are usually made of polyurethane.
This is common in IKEA mattresses.
Comfort foam is quite stable and very similar to cold foam.
The biggest advantage of comfort foam is that it is inexpensive to make. This is why comfort foam mattresses can be so cheap.
Unfortunately, this type of foam lacks quality.
The density of comfort foam mattresses is usually also quite low - under 30 kg/m³.
High-quality mattresses have a higher density and use more expensive materials.
In addition to the various foam mattresses, you could also opt for an innerspring mattress.
These are mattress classics, made of a spring core, and they're usually much more robust and stable.
This makes them especially suitable for back and stomach sleepers and for people of heavier bodyweight or larger size.
Due to the space between individual springs, creating natural ventilation channels, innerspring mattresses offer great breathability.
This ensures excellent climate regulation.
It also helps to prevent the build-up of mould and dust mites.
That said, there are some very low-quality innerspring mattresses on the market, which will quickly deteriorate.
Always ensure that you go for a high-quality mattress or a hybrid mattress, combining springs and memory foam.